Religion and American Slavery

Lesson II. Enslaved African Muslims


Primary Sources

“Abdul Rahman: 1762 – 1829.” Slavery and Remembrance. Colonial Williamsburg. Accessed June 2022.

Bluett, Thomas. Some Memoirs of the Life of Job, the Son of Solomon, the High Priest of Boonda in Africa; Who was a Slave About Two Years in Maryland; and Afterwards Being Brought to England, was Set Free and Sent to His Native Land in the Year 1734. London: Printed for Richard Ford, at the Angel in the Poultry, over against Compter, 1734.University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1999.

Hoare, William, “Ayuba Suleiman Diallo, called Job ben Solomon,” oil on canvas, 1733, National Portrait Gallery, London. 

Illman, Thomas, “Abduhl Rahhahman.” Stipple engraving, 1828. Library of Congress.

Peale, Charles Wilson, “Portrait of Yarrow Mamout (Muhammas Yaro),” oil on canvas, 1819, Philadelphia Museum of Art.

Siad, Omar Ibn. A Muslim American Slave: The Life of Omar Ibn Said. 1831. Translated from Arabic. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2011. 

Unknown Photographer, “Half Length Formal Portrait of an Elderly Black Man Seated Wearing Headwrap, suit; Left Elbow Rests in Newel, Cane in Right Hand,” Ambrotype Photograph, 1850, Yale – Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.


Secondary Sources

Cooper, Melissa L. Making Gullah: A History of Sapelo Islanders, Race, and the American Imagination. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2017. 

Gomez, Michael A. Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South.” Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press, 1998.  

Haddad, Yvonne Y. and Jane I. Smith. The Oxford Handbook of American Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.  

Helwig, Nzingha. “Sapelo Island.” Georgia Historical Society, 2021. Accessed June 2022.

Johnston, James H. From Slave Ship to Harvard: Yarrow Mamout and the History of an African American Family. New York: Fordham University Press, 2012.  

Lydon, Ghislaine. African Economic History. University of Wisconsin Press, No. 33, pp. 117-148 (2005).  

Martin, B. G., “Sapelo Island’s Arabic Document: The “Belali Diary” in Context,” The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. 78, No. 3 (Fall 1994), pp. 589-601. 

Mohamed, Sadia. “Kunhi Kalthappam/Fried Rice Cakes (Gluten Free Dish),” Savory and Sweet Food, 2020. Accessed June 2022.

Muelder, Owen W. Theodore Dwight Weld and the American Anti-Slavery Society. Jefferson, North Carolina, London: McFarland & Company, Inc. Publishers, 2011.  

National Humanities Center, “Oh ye Americans”: The Autobiography of Omar ibn Said,” The Making of African American Identity: Vol. 1, 1500-1865. Accessed June 2022.

Turner, Richard Brent. Islam in the African-American Experience. Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1997.  


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